7 Childhood Eye Diseases and Conditions

A child’s vision can be vulnerable to numerous eye diseases. Untreated infection, refractive errors and misaligned eyes can cause tremendous harm to the vision. Therefore, if an eye condition is suspected or if your little ones fail a vision screening, they should be referred to a pediatric ophthalmologist in Dubai to further evaluation and diagnosis.

Early detection and treatment of the issue are vital to hamper lifelong visual impairments. So, learn about childhood eye conditions in this article and screen your child on a daily basis to protect their vision. Continue reading!

Refractive Errors

Refractive errors are capable of causing blurry vision. A child can face issues while seeing at near distances, far distances, or even both. If a child is unable to see correctly for long enough, they can lose vision as well. This results in a situation called a “lazy eye.”

So, parents should correct their child’s refractive error with the right prescription glasses. They can also take their child to an ophthalmologist by searching ‘eyes clinic near me’ and treat the problem as early as possible.


Amblyopia, also called lazy eye, is a disorder of sight. In this disease, the brain becomes unable to process inputs from one eye, and with the passage of time, it starts favouring the other one. This results in decreased vision in an eye that otherwise usually appears normal.

A child can easily get amblyopia when their initial eye problems such as droopy eyelids, refractive errors, strabismus (misaligned eyes), or cataracts are left untreated.


Ptosis is a droopy eyelid. This can block vision. In case the eyelid droops very low, parents should take their child to any best pediatric ophthalmologist in Dubai. They may call for urgent surgery to raise it. The raised eyelid assists in preserving vision in that eye.


Every 4 out of 100 children suffer from strabismus. Also called misaligned or crossed eyes, one eye may look straight ahead but the other turns in, out, up or down. This problem needs to be treated at the right earnest.

In case the problem is left untreated, the brain, in order to avoid double vision, may ignore the crossed eye.

“Cloudy” Eyes

A child having cataract can have cloudy eyes. This happens when the clear lens inside the eye becomes cloudy. Cataracts are common among older people but some children are born with them or they might get them from an injury. Many need surgery to remove this problem and see clearly again.

Although very rarely, a cloudy eye can be a symbol of retinoblastoma (cancer of the retina, or back wall of the eye). An ophthalmologist will check for this problem at each exam.


It is an infection of the eyelid or the eye socket. Symptoms include:

  • Fever
  • Painful swelling or bulging of the eye
  • Blurry vision
  • Problems with eye movement

The infection is capable of spreading quickly to other parts of the body. That is why it calls for urgent treatment.

Conjunctivitis (pink eye)

Conjunctivitis is the irritation caused in the white part of the eye by infection or allergy. Also called pink eye, it can be viral, bacterial or allergic.

A child’s eyes may be itchy, red, teary or have a sticky discharge. So, parents should keep their child away from school since the disease is contagious. Pink eyes usually recover on its own; it usually takes a week. Sometimes, a doctor prescribes antibiotic eye drops.

In all, if your little one is experiencing eye issues, take them to the doctor as early as possible. In case you don’t know any eye specialist, use google and search for the best ‘ophthalmologist near meto get the best results.

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