A Brief History of Biometric Technology

If you own a mobile device model that was manufactured from 2013 onwards, you are probably aware of what and how biometric technology works. This technology might be seen as an innovation by many because it has only recently become popular with the public. However, many do not know that biometric technology has already existed since the 1960s.


It started when the scientists had begun identifying the physiological components of acoustic speech and phonic sounds. This discovery has been the precursor to modern voice recognition. Later on, in 1969, the Federal Bureau of Investigation became involved and pushed for automated fingerprint identification.


By 1975, the first fingerprint scanners that the FBI funded were prototyped. The National Institute of Science and Technology (NIST) then worked on the compression and algorithms. This led to the development of the M40 algorithm, the first operational matching algorithm used by the FBI.


Developments continued, and by the 1990s, biometric science had fully taken off as more government sectors contributed to its improvements. When 2000 came, biometrics has also been utilized for travel purposes. It was used to tighten the security on offenders and facilitate a safer travel experience for legitimate travelers. The Department of Defense or DoD also used biometrics to gather fingerprint, face, voice samples, iris images, and DNA swabs to track and identify national security threats.


As the science of biometrics continued to skyrocket, it was only a matter of time before the public rode the wave. Because by 2013, Apple has finally introduced iPhone 5, which is the first phone with a Touch ID feature. Since then, more and more mobile devices from both iOS and Android systems have released cellphones with the biometric feature.


Today, biometrics are used for unlocking phones or other devices and for several online transactions. And through the help of FIDO2 certification, biometric authentication was able to develop a more robust and seamless logging-in experience for users.


At the moment, biometric authentication is seemingly the solution that most technical experts see to combat passwords. Because whether we admit it or not, passwords can be a nuisance as they are more prone to hackers and scammers.


It is apparent that this new technology will continue to evolve, and it is just right that users will know even just a bit of its history. With that in mind, you can check this detailed infographic created by LoginID.

Biometric Technology - Infographic Image

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