A Brief Overview of Hemorrhoidectomy
Hemorrhoids can refer to the veins that are swollen that are located in the lower part of your anus and rectum. They are also known as piles. It is among the reasons for bleeding in the rectal. It’s usually not an emergency situation and is treatable in the space of a couple of weeks.
Hemorrhoids could be external or internal.
External hemorrhoids are the most frequent form of hemorrhoids. They develop outside of the anus.
The internal hemorrhoids form of hemorrhoids occurs on the lining inside the rectum. They could prolapse which can cause pain and itching. In accordance with the extent of prolapse, the internal hemorrhoids are classified in four categories. Schedule an appointment with the top multispeciality hospital.
- Grade I hemorrhoids do not prolapsed.
- Grade II hemorrhoids expand when bearing down, but shrink in a natural manner when pressure is eased.
- Grade III hemorrhoids erupt on bearing down and demand manual removal.
- Grade IV hemorrhoids have prolapse and are not able to be controlled manually.
Numerous treatments work well for hemorrhoids.
Hemorrhoidectomy is just one of them.
Is hemorrhoidectomy a hemorrhoid
This is an operation that aims to remove external or internal hemorrhoids that are large and serious. The procedure is considered to be the best and most efficient treatment for hemorrhoids.
Different types of hemorrhoidectomy
The different types of hemorrhoidectomy procedures comprise:
Excisional hemorrhoidectomy: During this procedure, the surgeon will remove the hemorrhoidal tissues and leaves the wound open or sutured.
Stapled hemorrhoidectomy: During this method, a small amount of hemorrhoidal tissue is removed and the rest of the tissue is stapled using the aid of a specific staple device.
What’s the goal of the procedure?
The primary goal of the surgery is to ease the symptoms of hemorrhoids. The procedure is recommended when:
Internal hemorrhoids are extremely large.
Internal hemorrhoids can cause symptoms after nonsurgical treatment.
Large external hemorrhoids cause significant discomfort
Other treatment options for hemorrhoids have been unsuccessful (rubber band ligation)
What are the potential risks associated with the procedure?
The risks associated with procedure are:
- Anal bleeding
- Inability to Urinate
- Infection of the area of surgery
- Impaction of the fecal tract
- Anal canal narrowing
- The recurrence of hemorrhoids
- Rectal prolapse
- Stop using drugs like Aspirin, Advil, etc.
- Stop smoking.
- Avoid any food or drink for 6-12 hours.
During the procedure:
An anesthesiologist will give you general anesthesia or spinal anesthesia. A small amount of saline is utilized to cleanse the rectal region and the lower portion of the large in the intestine. The surgeon will make an cut in the tissues around the hemorrhoid. The hemorrhoids are then fixed, tied, and then removed. The surgical site could be left unclosed. The gauze used for medical purposes is used to wrap the wound.
Following the operation:
The recovery process can take 2-3 weeks. The Piles Specialist doctor may advise that you follow specific instructions that include:
- Utilize painkillers and antibiotics to treat the discomfort.
Drink plenty of liquids and consume an uninteresting diet (low fibre and soft foods) for a few days
- Use numbing medication prior to or after stool movements to ease discomfort.
- Apply Ice packs to the area to decrease swelling and discomfort.
- Relax in a sitz bath (sitting in the shallow bathing water for between 25 and 20 minutes)
- Do not lift heavy weights for between 5 and 7 days.
- Don’t be afraid of the potential risks that come with procedure. Learn the facts about the procedure that will help you get back to normal. Talk to the best Piles doctor in Kolkata, Dr. Azhar Alam if have any doubts regarding the procedure.