Best Gynaecologist Obstetricians Near You in Indore – Book Doctor Appointment Online with Skedoc

What is Bartholin’s Cyst?

Bartholin’s abscess occurs when one of the Bartholin’s glands on each side of the vagina becomes infected. When the gland is blocked, a cyst usually forms. If the cyst is infected, it can lead to a Bartholin clot.

Bartholin’s cyst is a non-cancerous lump that develops due to a blockage in the Bartholin’s glands.

The Bartholin glands are located between the vagina and the vagina and are generally invisible to the eyes. They produce fluid that helps reduce friction during sex.

Bartholin’s pus is more than an inch in diameter. It usually causes considerable pain. Most people with a Bartholin tumor make a full recovery, and in some cases, the cyst can come back and become infected again.

Women of childbearing age are the most affected. About 2% of women experience Bartholin’s tumor in their lifetime.


If you have a small, infected Bartholin’s cyst, you may not notice it. If the cyst grows, you may feel a lump or mass near the opening of the vagina. Although a cyst is usually painless, it is benign.

A complete Bartholin cyst infection occurs within a few days. If you have a cyst infection, you may experience:


Symptoms of an infected Bartholin cyst:

Fever and chills

The pain becomes more severe and makes it difficult to walk, sit, or roll over.

Swelling in this area

Cyst drainage

Pale, painful lump near the vaginal opening

Discomfort when walking or sitting

Pain during intercourse


Bartholin’s cyst or tumor usually occurs on one side only at the beginning of the vagina.


The Bartholin glands produce a lubricating fluid that helps reduce friction during sex.

This fluid travels from the Bartholin glands down the vessels to the lower part of the vaginal entrance.

If there is a mucus blockage in these vessels, lubricant will build up. This structure causes the vessels to dilate and form Bartholin cysts.

The immune system’s reaction to a bacterial infection agent can cause obstruction and subsequent tumors. Examples of these agents are:

Nisseria gonorrhoeae is a sexually transmitted disease called gonorrhea.

Chlamydia trachomatis, which causes chlamydia

Escherichia coli, which affects the water supply and causes hemorrhagic colitis

Streptococcus pneumoniae, which causes pneumonia and middle ear infections

Haemophilus influenzae, which causes ear infections and respiratory infections

While doctors may not believe that a Bartholin cyst is caused by a sexually transmitted infection, n. Gonorrhoeae is one.

Risk factors

The exact causes of duct obstruction are often unclear, although the role of bacteria remains.

However, the following symptoms may increase in a person who develops a Bartholin’s cyst:

Being sexually active

Age between 20 and 30 years

Bartholin previously had a cyst

Bodily injury experienced to the affected area

You had vaginal or vaginal surgery.


Bartholin’s cyst diagnosis


To diagnose Bartholin’s cyst, your doctor may recommend:


Ask questions about your medical history.

Do a pelvic exam

Take a sample of secretions from your vagina or uterus to check for a sexually transmitted infection

Recommend a mass test (biopsy) to check for cancer cells if it stopped after menopause or is over 40 years old.

If you are concerned about cancer, your doctor may refer you to a gynecologist who specializes in cancers of the female reproductive system.


Only your doctor can tell you for sure if you have a Bartholin cyst. They do a pelvic exam. If you have drainage, they will take a sample and look at it under a microscope to see if you have an STI. If you have a tumor, a sample will be taken and sent to the lab.


If you are over 40 years old, they may do a biopsy to rule out vulvar cancer (take a tissue sample from the cyst). It is a disease that affects the lips around the vagina.

Best Gynaecologist Obstetricians in Indore.A gynaecologist is a doctor who specializes in the treatment of medical conditions and diseases affecting the female reproductive system. Visit Skedoc to easily book doctor appointment online

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