Cefuroxime: 5 things you should know

Cefuroxime is an antibiotic used to treat infections caused by bacteria that are susceptible to it. Being a member of the cephalosporin antibiotic class, Cefuroxime is of the second generation. When compared to first-generation cephalosporins, second-generation cephalosporins have more action against gram-negative bacteria but still have some activity against gram-positive bacteria. They’re also more beta-lactamase resistant.

Cephalosporins are similar to penicillins in that they are bactericidal (kill bacteria). They bind to and inhibit enzymes involved in the production of peptidoglycan, a key component of the bacterial cell wall. Antibiotics with a broad spectrum of activity are known as broad-spectrum antibiotics because they are effective against a large range of bacteria. Cefuroxime is commonly prescribed for 5-10 days, depending on the severity of the illness. Some of the infections it treats are:

  1. Urinary tract 
  2. Bronchitis
  3. Lyme disease
  4. Gonorrhea
  5. ENT related infections
  6. Tonsillitis

Usage of cefuroxime – 5 important facts to know

  1. This antibiotic can be utilized to treat tonsillitis in grown-ups and kids matured 13 and up who have moderate contamination brought about by Streptococcus pyogenes strains.
  2. Cefuroxime aids in the reduction of bacterial growth but is ineffective against viral infections. The medicine comes in tablet form, suspension form, and injection form. If the symptoms do not improve after a few days, it is recommended to consult a doctor.
  3. Cefuroxime is also used to treat acute sinus infections. It may take two or three weeks after taking Cefuroxime to clear your sinuses. Acute bacterial rhinosinusitis (ABRS) is an infection of the nasal cavity and sinuses caused by bacteria. Face pain, fever, and headache are common symptoms When treating a sinus infection, it’s usually the first line of defense.
  4. Cefuroxime is also licensed by the FDA for the treatment of E. coli, Staphylococcus aureus, and Haemophilus influenza. Cefuroxime should be taken every 12 hours for five to 10 days depending on the severity.
  5. Is Cefuroxime different from Amoxicillin? Yes. Amoxicillin belongs to the penicillin family of antibiotics. Cefuroxime is not the same as amoxicillin, however, both antibiotics are used to treat bacterial infections. Cefuroxime is an antibiotic that belongs to the Cephalosporin family. The adverse effects of amoxicillin and cefuroxime are different.

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