Hemorrhoids are also known as piles. They are a group of swollen veins at the bottom of the rectum. This is a common condition among adults. By 50, about half of all people will experience itching, rectal pain, and bleeding due to bulging blood vessels. Although hemorhoids are not dangerous, they can cause discomfort due to the constant swelling, irritation, bleeding, and pain.
Different types of hemorrhoid
There are two types of hemorrhoid.
- The lower rectum is where internal hemorhoids occur and cause very little discomfort. Straining or irritation can cause bleeding and pain.
- External hemorhoids occur under the skin in the anal region and can be very uncomfortable. External hemorhoids can itch and bleed if they are inflamed. External hemorhoids can lead to blood clots, which can cause severe pain.
Hemorrhoids: Signs and symptoms
Hemorrhoids may present as:
- The most common symptom is painless bleeding during bowel movements
- An uncomfortable or sensitive lump in the vicinity of the anus
- A sign of bleeding is a stool that appears maroon or tarry.
The development of hemorhoids can be caused by a variety of factors, including pressure buildup in the lower rectum. These are some possible causes:
- Constipation or chronic diarrhea
- Hemorrhoids in the family
- Low-fiber diet
- Long periods of sitting on the toilet
Straining during bowel movements
- Hemorrhoids Prevention
These are some of the methods:
- Get plenty of water
- Eating high-fiber foods
- Use a fiber supplement
How to see a doctor about hemorhoids
Rectal bleeding can also be a sign of other serious conditions, so it is important that you see a doctor in order to rule out other conditions and confirm hemorhoids. A simple physical exam and medical history can usually be sufficient to confirm the diagnosis. To rule out cancer or colorectal polyps, a colonoscopy is recommended for people over 45.
Our compassionate and caring gastroenterologists can diagnose and treat disorders and diseases of digestive system. Contact the best Piles Doctor in Kolkata. Our gastroenterology team provides comprehensive care for conditions of stomach, small intestines, liver, colon, colon, rectum, gallbladder and bile ducts. We use state-of the-art screening tools and innovative technology. Open Access Colonoscopy Program gives healthy patients the option to schedule a screening colonoscopy at their convenience without requiring an office visit.