What’s The Difference Between A Neurologist And A Neurosurgeon?

Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with any illness or disorder that has anything to do with the nervous system. However, the nervous system spans across the entire body, and hence neurology can also be understood as a vast area of expertise that requires knowledge of the whole body. 

That is why there are multiple special positions within neurology, and neurologist and neurosurgeon are two such different profiles within the field.  However, a lot of people might not know the difference between a neurologist and a neurosurgeon. For example, a person afflicted with painful headaches or brain disorder may not know which one of the two to approach for treatment. 

Therefore, this article discusses both of these medical profiles in depth to clear the confusion and help you avail the right treatment.

Who Is A Neurologist?

A neurologist is a medical professional who deals with medical disorders that have to do with the nervous system. A neurologist is any individual who has studied the nervous system in great detail and understands all the complexities and nuances of the human body. 

They are experts in diagnosing and finding the correct treatment for diseases of the brain and related body functions.  They evaluate the patient’s problem by understanding the patient’s descriptions, making their own diagnosis, and finally suggesting a treatment suited to that specific patient. 

Any patient suffering from a brain disease should immediately consult the best neurologist doctor in India 

Who Is A Neurosurgeon?

A neurosurgeon is any individual who has done extensive study of the nervous system and is an expert in performing surgical procedures for disorders relating to it. Neurosurgeons typically perform correctional surgical procedures relating to the brain and nervous system. 

They are at the top of the field of neurology, and brain disorder patients must approach a top neurosurgeon for surgical treatments. Neurosurgery is one of the toughest branches of medicine due to the vast knowledge required to perform surgical procedures for the brain and nervous system.

What Is The Difference Between The Two?

To put it simply, a neurologist is more suited to diagnose complex nervous and brain disorders and suggest treatment methods. In contrast, a neurosurgeon is officially cleared to perform surgical procedures to treat those very disorders. 


A neurologist can analyze, evaluate and suggest treatment but cannot perform the surgery themselves. Although knowledgeable about the nervous system, a neurosurgeon is not capable of a full and thorough diagnosis and performs the most appropriate surgical procedure for that case. 

The surgery is the last step of treatment and is taken care of by a neurosurgeon. When patients suspect a brain disease, they must immediately consult the best neurologist doctor in India and get a full diagnosis.


It is important to understand the difference between the two fields to visit the right doctor and save time and effort. 

Hopefully, this article clears up any misunderstandings one might have about what they both mean and whom to consult in case of any ailment. In a nutshell, the best neurologist doctor in India will be the one to go to for diagnosis and evaluation, whereas a neurosurgeon will do treatment and surgical procedures.

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